Located in a lava field in Grindavík on the Reykjanes Peninsula in Iceland's southwestern region, about a 15 to 20 minute drive from the Kevlavík International Airport, the Blue Lagoon is considered a must-visit for travelers to Iceland. Essentially, the site is a large outdoor geothermal spa set in superb surroundings. The water of the swimming pool is drawn from deep bore holes in the lava, and is rich in silica, sulfur, blue-green algae and other minerals thought to be beneficial for the skin. Treatment here is said to help people suffering from skin ailments. As well as the treatment facility, the Blue Lagoon operates a research and development center to help find remedies for a range of skin conditions.
A trip to the Blue Lagoon is fun for the whole family. The milky blue color of the water is primarily the result of silicate minerals, a contributing factor to the continuing success of the resort. Surrounded by black lava, the temperature of the water ranges between 37 and 39 C (99 to 102 F), and the floor of the lagoon is covered in silica mud, which some people apply to their faces as an added exfoliation and conditioning treatment. As well as being a luxurious beauty treatment, bathing at the Blue Lagoon is a tranquil, relaxing and, for some, a surreal and otherworldly experience. There is also a man-made waterfall where visitors can enjoy a full body massage.
The story of the Blue Lagoon began in 1976 when waste water from the newly-built geothermal power plant amassed and formed a pool. People began bathing there in 1981 when reports of the water's alleged healing powers became widespread. The Blue Lagoon Company was formed in 1992 offering the public a variety of admission packages, such as bathing to the wide range of treatments that are on offer today.